Black & White Figures for Print Journals

Daniel Lüdecke


This document shows examples how to create b/w figures, e.g. if you don’t want colored figures for print-journals.

Barplots in grey-scaled colors

There are two ways to create plots in black and white or greyscale. For bar plots, geom.colors = "gs" creates a plot using a greyscale (based on scales::grey_pal()).

plot_grpfrq(efc$e42dep, efc$c172code, geom.colors = "gs")

Lineplots in b/w with different linetypes

Similar to barplots, lineplots - mostly from plot_model() - can be plotted in greyscale as well (with colors = "gs"). However, in most cases lines colored in greyscale are difficult to distinguish. In this case, plot_model() supports black & white figures with different linetypes. Use colors = "bw" to create a b/w-plot.

# create binrary response
y <- ifelse(efc$neg_c_7 < median(na.omit(efc$neg_c_7)), 0, 1)

# create data frame for fitting model
df <- data.frame(
  y = to_factor(y),
  sex = to_factor(efc$c161sex),
  dep = to_factor(efc$e42dep),
  barthel = efc$barthtot,
  education = to_factor(efc$c172code)

# set variable label for response
set_label(df$y) <- "High Negative Impact"

# fit model
fit <- glm(y ~., data = df, family = binomial(link = "logit"))

# plot marginal effects
  type = "pred", 
  terms = c("barthel", "sex","dep"), 
  colors = "bw",
  ci.lvl = NA

Different linetypes do not apply to all linetyped plots, if these usually only plot a single line - so there’s no need for different linetypes, and you can just set colors = "black" (or colors = "bw").

# plot coefficients
plot_model(fit, colors = "black")