The `{InteractionPoweR}`

package conducts power analyses
for regression models in cross-sectional data sets where the term of
interest is an interaction between two or three variables, also known as
‘moderation’ analyses. The package includes functions for simulating
data sets, conducting power analyses, and plotting and interpreting
results. Notable package features include (1) the ability to compute
power for interactions between two continuous variables, (2) effect
sizes are all specified as the cross-sectional Pearson’s correlation,
(3) simulations do not assume that the interacting variables are
independent, (4) any variable in the model, including the outcome, can
have anywhere from 2 (i.e., binary) to 20 discrete values, and (5)
analyses can incorporate the effects of reliability, both of the
interacting variables, as well as of the outcome variable.

**For more information see our tutorial paper, the
package vignette,
and the FAQ.**

We have a **Shiny
app** which implements the major functions for
simulation-based power analyses in a user-friendly point-and-click
interface. We also have a **simpler
Shiny app** for computing analytic power. We recommend this
app particularly for beginners and users who are new to power analyses.
We have also recently added **a
new shiny app for three-way interactions**.

Please report bugs, issues, or questions as an Issue on Github.

You can install InteractionPoweR from CRAN with:

`install.packages("InteractionPoweR")`

You can also install the development version of InteractionPoweR from github with:

```
install.packages("devtools")
::install_github("dbaranger/InteractionPoweR") devtools
```

If you get an error about a corrupt .rdb file, try restarting your R session.

The simplest use-case is when all the input parameters are known. We know the population-level correlation between our predictors (x1 and x2) and our outcome, we have a smallest effect size of interest in mind for our interaction effect size, and our sample size is already set (maybe we are conducting secondary data analysis). Power can be determined with a single command.

First - analytic power, using variable correlations (and reliability, if provided) to estimate how much additional variance is explained by the interaction term.

```
library(InteractionPoweR)
<-power_interaction_r2(
test_poweralpha = 0.05, # alpha, for the power analysis
N = 350, # sample size
r.x1x2.y = .15, # interaction effect to test (correlation between x1*x2 and y)
r.x1.y = .2, # correlation between x1 and y
r.x2.y = .1, # correlation between x2 and y
r.x1.x2 = .2 # correlation between x1 and x2
)
test_power#> pwr
#> 1 0.8131373
```

We see that we have 81% power.

We can also use simulations to estimate power. Simulations are particularly useful because they can account for non-normal data, including binary and likert variables.

**NB** In all these examples we use 1000 simulations for
speed (`n.iter = 1000`

), but for robust results we recommend
10,000 simulations (`n.iter = 10000`

).

```
set.seed(2022)
<-power_interaction(
test_powern.iter = 10000, # number of simulations per unique combination of input parameters
alpha = 0.05, # alpha, for the power analysis
N = 350, # sample size
r.x1x2.y = .15, # interaction effect to test (correlation between x1*x2 and y)
r.x1.y = .2, # correlation between x1 and y
r.x2.y = .1, # correlation between x2 and y
r.x1.x2 = .2, # correlation between x1 and x2
k.y = 5, # y is likert
k.x1 = 2 # x1 is binary
)
test_power#> N pwr
#> 1 350 0.8086
```

The simulation’s accuracy will increase with more iterations.

If you use `{InteractionPoweR}`

in a publication, please
cite our tutorial
paper:

Baranger DAA, Finsaas MC, Goldstein BL, Vize CE, Lynam DR, Olino TM
(2023). “Tutorial: Power analyses for interaction effects in
cross-sectional regressions.” *Advances in Methods and Practices in
Psychological Science*. 6(3). doi: 10.1177/25152459231187531